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   Emperors, Condottieri, Dukes, Lords and Ladies, Bologna, Milan, Ravenna, Venice, Florence and many others have come
the streets of our little Mezzolara and many of us even imagine walking on the paths trodden by Barbarossa,
by Colleoni, Ludovico il Moro and why not by Charlemagne or Julius Caesar in his exploits against the Gauls!
This quest to find news and information that give luster (so to speak) to our small community led, unfortunately,
have modest results. Some may have wondered why we have a Palazzo Sforza,
a way Sforza and who was this lordship, and who were equally Fabbri whose logo appear next to the Sforza
Paliotto in the churches of St. Michael of Mezzolara,
see what we can learn from the pages found in the search. A page has been dedicated to the Sforza,
this to Bartolomeo Colleoni, and other soldiers of fortune connected to it and because they have had contact with

BARTOLOMEO COLLEONI

Illustrious Captain of his time One of the greatest leaders of his time

Practice of war enjoyed a great authority Expertof the military

Illustrious reputation forstrength and wisdom Magnanimous Bounteous , harbored hatred for evil and spies and the thieves

punished in an exemplary manner.
Impigro nature and always ready for action.
In him are combined the qualities of the school tradition and the Sforza Braccesca , both characteristics of the military art of the
Italian fifteenth century. He knew how to excel in tactics
and strategy so as to surprise the enemy , for the speed of the moves of his troops and their arrangement .
Extremely cautious and always able to maintain discipline.
His contribution to the military term is nell'l'enfasi he has given to the role of the infantry .
Specialist in mountain warfare .
With a clear sense of the importance of artillery .
And ' the first who, sensing with acute military genius as with artillery and began a new era in the practice of war ,
think once you get the most benefit.
Mount the bombs and mortars on mobile carts with the infantry , gun campaign that is transforming the old battle tank ;
the battle of Moline lla uses to great advantage of real guns mounted lightly.
It has a prominent place in the history of Italy and the art of war . He did not found any school as was done by Alberico Barbian ,
Braccio di Montone and
Muzio Sforza Attendolo , but through the experience gained on the battlefield can merge their
availing best features at the same time , the progress of the artillery learned from Piedmont and France , and from Romagna .
She was considered the best tactician of his day.
He had a craving for glory and greatness, as men generally of his time .
Ambitious , he never abandoned the desire to create their own independent state solid .
In the last years of his life, the soldier is overwhelmed by the political dall'ansioso owner and manager of a provident immense fortune ,
 and disappointed aspirant dall'inquieto a dream of dominion, so that its precisely those years are unhappy .
He knew how to adapt to the institutional system of Venice,
becoming the classic example of a feudal leader , installed on the frontier as a defender of the state .
Its versatility and the depredations of his troops made ​​him feared even by those who served .
Traitor usual .
Temperate in food , but prone to love and pleasure as women .
Equipped with good feelings , prone to pity and very observant of religious practices .
An exceptional figure . His imposing stature and his vigor and formed a natural advantage in his military career.
In person tall and of great strength, had the face coloring ,
blue eyes and hair blacks . Of white complexion , blood , and bright gray eyes , arched eyebrows a lot .
Neither very literate , or without letters . Loving intelligent people and scientists .
" To make a shadow to the fame of Colleoni was ... his proverbial lack of loyalty. It changed the face often ,
Puur stirred heaven and earth to wrest better conditions for its conduct ...
His greed was legendary . Machiavelli cites him as the first example in the tirade against the kind of odious leaders ,
Before Roberto Sanseverino and the Count of Pitigliano ( Niccolo Orsini ). " Boeck - Tonnesmann

 

 

BARTOLOMEO COLLEONI  Di Solza. Signore di Calcinate, Cologno al Serio, Martinengo, Malpaga, Romano di Lombardia, Covo, Antegnate, Urgnano, Castell'Arquato, Cavenago d'Adda, Mornico al Serio, Cologno al Serio, Solza. Genero di Leonardo da Martinengo; suocero di Gaspare, Gerardo da Martinengo, di Giacomo della Motella e di Niccolò

da Correggio.   1395 - 1475 (novembre)

 

Anno, mese

Area activities

Actions taken and other facts

................

Lombardia

Young age Paul's father is killed by his cousin John to take over the lordship of Colleoni Trezzo the mother of Riccadonna Valvassori however detained by the joint When his brother is killed by his cousin Antonio because of a fearful vengeance, Colleoni was arrested by the lord of Cream Giorgio Benzoni who wants to fall in advance of the pay he made to the dead brother The leader will be released only when the mother will be able to redeem it by selling part of her dowry

1410

Emilia

It is located in Piacenza as a page of Filippo Arcelli

1418

Fights in the service of the lord of Piacenza against the Visconti of Carmagnola

1419

Puglia

Bartolomeo combatte in the kingdom of Naples in the service of Braccio da Montone

1421

Ott.

Campania

It stands at the siege of Acerra: trying to enter the city through a tunnel. Recognized by guards, escapes capture in the middle of a forest of arrows, was wounded in the neck by a blow of a shod in an attack the walls with ladders.

................

Campania

You can not see paid according to his expectations; asks license to Montone and went to Naples.

1423

Francia e Campania

He sailed for France in search of money, captured near Marseilles from pirates manages to avoid doing the captivity and return to Naples.

1424

................

Campania

It present to Jacopo Caldora, becomes the lover of Queen Giovanna d'Angiò and is given a supply of 20 horses, increased rapidly to 35
 

Giu.

Abruzzi

Join the Battle dell'Aquila It should be noted block when in combat, with a small force to Collemaggio, the squadrons of cavalry Gattamelata.
1425
It's reported in the company of Micheletto Attendolo

1428

Lombardia

Military orders of Carmagnola

1430

Lombardia

In Cremona capture in an ambush on Sarpellione, who is leading with 60 horses to cream; back to Bergamo with their prey.

1431

Ott.

Lombardia

William follows Cavalcabò Moccino from Lugo and occupation of the fortress of San Luca in Cremona. Enter the fortress after killing the guards and have made ​​some captive. The Carmagnola does not intervene with the rest of the troops as Plans and Colleoni was forced to retire at the end of three days.

1432

Apr.

Lombardia

The Venetians have donated some land behind the delivery, each year, of a hawk to the mayor of Bergamo. The conduct is also increased to 80 horses.

................

His conduct has brought the first horses to 100, then 300.

Nov.

Lombardia

Is defeated by Niccolò Piccinino and Guido Torelli to Delebio, where he captured the general superintendent George Corner. He could to rescue the troops.

1433

Apr.

Lombardia

After the peace of Ferrara, they give some properties confiscated and Carabello Suardi Antonio Poma, located in the county of Bottanuco: only has the obligation to submit to the mayor of Bergamo a hawk. In Bergamo, lives in the present House of Mercy, confiscated the same Suardi

1435

Regno di Napoli

Tile still Caldora against the Aragonese.

1437

Apr.

Lombardia

Indulge Gian Francesco Gonzaga in its offensive against Milano, which provides first crossing of the Adda. It is located in San Carpoforo, ready to cross the river and occupy Trezzo.
Sett. ott. Lombardia

Supports the Gattamelata sull'Oglio against Duke led by Piccinino. He opposed, initially, to retreat to Pontefract (and the shipment of carts in Palazzolo on 'Oglio to attract opponents of this objective) desired by the captain general of the Venetian Republic. The pass defense Colleoni of Bergamo with his men at arms and 300 infantry. Reaches the city at night. Piccinino attempts, unsuccessfully, to have Mezzate Coast at the end, Captain Viscount must recross the Serious because it hinders the full provisioning of his army. In October, the Colleoni repels an attack of Piccinino to the fortress of Bergamo. When he retires to head in Parma, nipping the rear behind Visconti preventing opponents from finding safe housing.
 

Dic. Lombardia
Tile always Gattamelata. His men, like those of Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta, damaging the crops in the county of Gorle. The damage is estimated at 225 guilders. The Doge Francesco Foscari complains about the 'work of the two leaders.
 

1438

................

Lombardia

Sharpen still Piccinino in Bergamo; rejected by Palazzolo, he moved to Pontefract. Log in defense of Bergamo with his horses and 300 infantry.

Lug.

Lombardia

Back in Palazzolo when Gattamelata is obliged to take refuge in Brescia. With Antonio and Leonardo da Martinengo and Paris Lodrone (300 horsepower and 2000 foot), he moved to Val Camonica to block the pass to Antonio Beccaria: he is defeated and captured with 1500 men. Assails the stronghold of Gardone Val Trompia and strength to surrender to the two covenants connestabili Piero and Andrea Bruno from Treviso; release them after they have been robbed of weapons and horses.

Ago.

Lombardia

Leave Palazzolo with 130 horses and moved to Brescia. We camped at the first village of the cells and, subsequently, within the city walls. The Senate increased the conduct of another 100 horses and gives him command of the infantry

Sett.

Lombardia Trentino Veneto

Collaborate with the Gattamelata in his famous retreat from Brescia to Verona through the Sand Valley, the valleys of the Churches and Rovereto. When the road is blocked by opponents on Sarca, Colleoni ford the river with its companies and engages the enemy in a fight that allows him to gain the other bank.

1439

Feb.

The Venetians give him a home in Padova, he also granted a monthly commission of 20 ducats, in order to support his wife in the city.

................

Veneto

Has a mandate to protect the transport wagons of the Venetian fleet (6 galleys and 25 boats from eight banks) and on Mount Baldo in Torbole up from here.

Mag.

Veneto

He was elected governor of Verona: defending the city from attack of Piccinino, by skirmishes, in which horses and plunder makes numerous prisoners.

Giu.

Veneto

Verona can leave at the approach of troops led by Francesco Sforza and Gattamelata. Light work of two bastions were built by Piccinino in Soave and impede the way to the Venetians, and reaches the camp of the two captains and their reports the results of his explorations. Immediately after falls in Verona. With 1000 horses, 1500 fanti, many supporters of Brescia and Bergamo, assists in the Sforza 'attack in Soave.

Nov.

Veneto

Verona arrives in the hands of a surprise action Piccinino, Luigi Gonzaga and the Worm: immediately Colleoni val Lagarina whole island and forced to retreat Francesco Piccinino, rejoins, then, to Sforza and the Gattamelata and these breaks in Verona through the castle of San Felice.

1440

Gen. Lombardia Retrieve the valley of San Martino Diotisalvi with Wolves.

................

Lombardia

Takes part in the liberation by the siege of the Duke of Brescia.

Apr.

Lombardia

Contributing to the victory of Castel San Giovanni to Ragna on Lake Garda.

Giu.

Lombardia

Join the Battle of Soncino.
Nov. Lombardia Thisbe's wife may leave her husband to reach Padova and Bergamo.

1441

Gen.

Lombardia

Exit Martinengo and once again takes the valley of San Martino, which leads back to the Venetian rule. He has reconfirmed the conduct of 200 lances and 150 infantrymen.

Feb.

Veneto e Lombardia

He went first to Venice for the festivities related to the wedding of the son of the Doge Francesco Foscari, is part valley Camonica, where he tries to resist the advance of Piccinino. Recedes and goes to the defense of Brescia.

Mar.

Lombardia

He asked in vain that his conduct is increased to 1000 horsepower and 200 foot soldiers. Is greeted with great fanfare in Brescia by Sforza.

Apr.

Lombardia

The Venetians granted him the castle of Romano di Lombardia and those of Covo and Antegnate, seized John and Peter Covo, declared rebels by the Venetians. The renewed is the conduct of 200 lances and 200 fanti until October of that date, as agreed, should be riassoldato for a year and a firm respect with the addition of 200 horses.

................

Lombardia

The defense of Brescia Diotisalvi with Wolves, for fear of an imminent attack of Piccinino.

Giu.

Lombardia

Dealing with Pontefract Tiberto Brandolini, you catch Moretto da San Nazario with 40 horses. It connects, then, with Sforza and with Micheletto Attendolo forces to attack with much higher (10000 fanti horses and 6000) in the fortified camp of Piccinino Cignano. The Venetians were defeated, and the Colleoni protects their retreat and prevent escapees to disperse.

1442

Gen.

Under the pact, he confirmed the expected behavior for six months and a firm respect.
Mag. Lombardia He is granted a property formerly belonging to Count John Lair: since this has already been bought by Wolves, are given to Colleoni many state property valued at 5000 ducats. The fields are located in the lands of Dine, of Trescore, Zandobbio of Chiuduno, Grumello del Monte and Intratico.
 

Ott.

Lombardia

After the war, the administrator of Gerardo Dandolo states reduce his own conduct from 1000 to 400 horsepower and 200 foot to 150. He is irritated by that fact, exacerbated by his claim for back pay went up to 34000 ducats.

................

Lombardia

Skip to the service of Filippo Maria Visconti.

1443

Gen.

Lombardia

Leader welcomes the Colleoni in Milan in port Castle Giovia, it is given in fief the castle of Pavia in Adorno. Jewelry and other jewelry are donated by his wife Thisbe Martinengo. The Venetians say, on the contrary, traitor and rebel.

Mar.

Emilia

The Colleoni enters Val Nure domarvi for an uprising: it is forced to withdraw after only three days with the loss of several men killed and wounded.

................

Romagna

And 'in Romagna sent by the Duke of Milan, in order to maintain the balance between Sforza and Piccinino operating with different objectives in the region.

1444

Gen.

Romagna

Cross the Carlo Gonzaga Forlì with the head of 2000 horse and 1000 infantry, while driving touches Villafranca, Ronco, Fornovo, Carpena and Magliano. Here, she moved to Cesena, always supplied with provisions from the Lord of Forli Ordelaffi Antonio.

Feb.

Romagna

In Lugo and Bagnacavallo; touches Rimini with 1000 horses and 400 infantry and expects to Coriano.

Mar.

Marche

In Pesaro.

Apr.

Marche

The Easter Vigil starts at Senigallia and Pesaro makes a foray into capturing 500 men, which leads to Senigallia. Speech by the Duke of Milano, which is free the prisoners on payment of a ransom.

Giu.

Marche

Piccinino approaches and tries to convince him to agree with Sforza.

Lug.

Lombardia

It is located at the siege of Cremona and 5 teams placed his camp at San Lazzaro: attacked by Giacomo from Salerno, was put to flight with a score of deaths, the capture of 9 horses and 140 infantry.

Ago.

Lombardia

Work around Castelleone with Luigi da San Severino and the Worm.

Sett.

Marche

It is located in Recanati: the inhabitants are refusing to introduce it in the city for lack of forage for his cavalry.

1445

Lug.

Emilia

Is in Bologna with Guglielmo di Monferrato, services or facilities in order to exiles against the militias of Bentivoglio takes hold of several castles and has numerous skirmishes to bridge the Casalecchio di Reno

1446

Lug. ago.

Emilia e Lombardia

It 'called in England, returned to the siege of Cremona. It carries with 5 teams of horses to St. Lazarus for providing for their housing. Surprised by a sudden attack led by Giacomo from Salerno, you must withdraw to the Po is strengthened in Castiglione in August from San Severino with Luigi and Luigi dal Verme. In those days are suspected of wanting to give with the Venetians to become lord of Piacenza, it is believed that his emissary, the Rasmino, takes practice with John Philip of miles per; similar warnings come from Torchio from Citerna and Ludovico Gonzaga. Because of suspicions that accumulate against him, Francesco Piccinino orders him to join him in Piacenza to seize Pontremoli against Sforza.

Sett.

Emilia e Lombardia

Cross the Po and is captured by Nicholas at Pontefract Third with his nephew, Cimatta, and four secretaries. Is first imprisoned in the castle of Sant 'Antonino at Piacenza, then to Milan.

................

Lombardia

And 'locked up in the ovens of Monza: his soldiers refuse to fight for the Duke of Venice against the troops

1447

Ago.

Lombardia

Filippo Maria Visconti dies. The Colleoni advantage of the turmoil and in a daring escape from the castle, having bribed the warden Giorgetto Poma, which leaves some time for the supervisors with an excuse. The Colleoni down from the windows with sheets and, again with the Poma, Landriano reaches to his hosts that are waiting for him. From here it leads to Pavia and free his wife and daughters.

Sett.

Lombardia

And 'the salaries of the Ambrosian Republic and addresses the people of the Duke of Orleans with Astorre Manfredi. Sforza, from Pavia, makes him return the goods which were seized by the Visconti in his time.

Ott.

Lombardia Piemonte

Attaversa the Ticino and the Po, enters Alexandria: it drives out the partisans of the Guelph party, especially Guasco, which allowed the French to occupy the fortress of Bergoglio. Stormed the castle and destroy it; faces, then, the enemies, led by the governor of Asti Dresay Rinaldo, still in Bosco Marengo in plain called the Frascata. In the clash, Colleoni leaves aside his usual tactic, which involves the fatigue of the enemy attacked in continuous rotation by teams of horses are among the Milanese teams defeat Giovanni Bono Trotti (400 deaths) and that of 1500 fanti controlled by Angelo sink. The Colleoni prefer, then launch with Manfredi all his forces in a position of overwhelming the cry of "meat," as opposed to the French "à la gorge." At the same time, the bell out of the castle defenders to throw himself against the French, the Milanese equal number of horses, but less in terms of fanti. 2000 deaths are on the ground, three-quarters of the French, 300 horses were captured, including the same Dresay, which will lead to the Colleoni Romano di Lombardia and leave only after paying a ransom of 14,000 crowns. The French fold in Castellazzo with the loss of the camp and baggage. The next day many enemies, who have surrendered at discretion, were killed by the inhabitants of Alexandria against the will of Governor Peter Pusterla.

................

Piemonte Lombardia

It runs in Tortona and the countryside; camped under the walls causing considerable damage to nearby residents leave the obedience of Francesco Sforza and return under the dominion of the Ambrosian Republic. Subsequently, the Colleoni over the Adda at Brivio bridge and goes against the Venetians. It receives numerous distress fanti and moves to the recapture of a bridge over the river near Lecco is obliged to retire by the arrival of a strong contingent of troops sent by Micheletto Attendolo for bergasmasco and the valley of San Martino.

1448

Apr.

Lombardia

And 'in Lodi, on the orders of the Sforza crosses the Adda with Manfredi.

Mag.

Lombardia

At the head of 4000 men, retrieves Mozzanica, Vail, Treviglio, Cassano d'Adda, Melzo and Pandy, heads for Lodi.

Giu.

Lombardia

Becomes corrupted by the general superintendent James Marcello and Antonio back in the pay of the Venetians with a pipeline of 500 lances and 400 fanti for a year and a firm respect. In Milan he was proclaimed a traitor and is promised a reward of 10,000 ducats for those who deliver him alive and if dead of 4000. The Venetians, by special grant of the Senate, to return his fiefs.

................

Lombardia

Joins Micheletto Attendolo.

Sett.

Lombardia

Mozzanica deals in three days: the center is set on fire. Moves to free the siege of Caravaggio Sforza. At agrees dell'Attendolo cautious, unwilling to attack the battle: the inspection of Brandolini, whose disguise he went personally to see the positions of the army in Milan, persuades him that you can launch an attack for a swampy woods. It was decided for the assault. The Colleoni is left to the defense of the field with several horses and footmen, the Venetians, with the support of his artillery, burst in Milan by the weaker side. He is putting on an embankment some mortars and repels the attacks of militias Sforza: the fact is considered a violation of the laws of war because it is one of the first times in the military history of his time they are used directly against ground troops, artillery . Sforza, nevertheless, able to react quickly, rearrange the wing of the army who gives way before the Venetians, and sent many horses on the flanks of the enemy to encircle them. The Venetian cavalry bogs down in the bush, some departments are able to fight their way of escape, a large part of the army is, conversely, taken prisoner. The Colleoni has to escape under the pressure of Francesco Sforza and Piccinino: the first takes refuge in a forest and then to Bergamo for hidden and difficult paths. Fanti the 3000 and 12500 horses that make up the army of Serrenissima, only 1500 horses are saved.

1449

Gen.

Emilia

Sforza previous autumn was estranged from the Venetians to fight the Ambrosian Republic: The Colleoni is sent in Parma with 1200 horses to pave the action of Alessandro Sforza and Peter Maria dei Rossi.

Feb.

Emilia

Log in Parma.

Apr.

Piemonte

And 'sent against the Duca Ludovico di Savoia-Achaia to check the advance of Savoy came to the rescue of the Ambrosian Republic. Ravaging the countryside of Vercelli, without, however, exceed the Sesia according to the orders of the Senate. The Lord of Gruffy, John of Campeys, ford the river under the command of 6000 horse, among whom there are many archers Picards, and attacks the Venetians. The Colleoni fought a battle now transalpine carefully designed according to the tactically in the Italian style. The opposing captain crosses the Sesia challenging him to battle. The move leaves the Colleoni, a first skirmish in Romagnano Sesia, which captures 300 to 400 enemies including the same Campeys. Then Gaspar of Varax crosses the Sesia with 3500 horsepower without the aid of the infantry: Borgomanero hopes to have by treaty, but the project proves fallacious. The captain ordered the retreat of Savoy and heads back toward the river. The same day the Colleoni by two leaders Corrado Sforza da Fogliano by Salerno and James have come out to attack the castle of Novara Carpignano Sesia. The battle of Borgomanero is terrible. The line gives the Sforza, the right wing cut off from the rest of the troops put to flight and gets safely at Novara. The field holds the Colleoni seconded by Fogliano and Salerno. The Savoy horses, fearing to fall into some ambush themselves in a circle. The archers on horseback down from the mounts and put before the men of arms, they stick in the ground so sharp pallia costituuire a kind of fence and hit the Venetians and Sforza with their bows. These do not move. The Varax sends half of his forces to attack the squadrine led by Giacomo from Salerno. He begins a cavalry charge followed soon by the other two squads. The arrangement broke down defensively Savoy; opponents disordered: 2000 dead and 1000 prisoners are the losses among the opponents, with all the captains among them are included James Challant, and Gaspare di Giacomo Albonato Varax, 600 deaths in the ranks of Venetian .

Mag.

The Venetians to renew the policy for one year.

Giu.

Piemonte Lombardia

He stops in Novara and is called by Sforza in the siege of Vigevano. Conquest of the city and begins to ravage the crops of Milan.

Sett.

Lombardia

I drew closer to the Venetian Republic Ambrosian: the Colleoni, for that reason, no joins Sforza in Milan in a night attack, led to a defense embankment located between the villages and those Eastern port port Comasina.

Nov.

Lombardia

The ducats are welded to 14000 credits from previous years (7000 and 7000 in real estate in cash). Moves against Sforza, now become the enemy of the Serenissima. Crosses the Adda Trezzo on a special bridge goes to Como with good amount of grit to connect with Jacopo Piccinino, captain of the Ambrosian Republic, in order to render assistance in Milan hungry.

Dic.

Lombardia

He moved to Valsassina after crossing the valley of San Martino, down to the lake of Como, exceeds the Imagna valley, crosses the mount called the high point and enters the valley above Introbbio; wins Mandello del Lario, Varenna Bellano; sailing on the lake of boats have fattigli governor John of Walnut Como to Bellagio and reach. He has the Fortress of Pizzo and you catch Rufaldo Onofrio, who commands 2 teams of horses. Also persuades Piccinino to come to Como and the two captains join their militia.

1450

Gen.

Lombardia

Giovanni Sforza to beat Ace and routs Gonzaga to Carlo Erba. Regain Barro, whose guard Roger Galli, and high Brianza sends a column of food in Milan. Waste time and Giovanni Sforza stops him on the banks of the lake.

Feb.

Lombardia

Milan opens its doors to Sforza and Colleoni retires.

Apr.

Lombardia

Stationed in Brescia with 1500 horses and 400 infantry.

Giu.

Lombardia

Was reconfirmed in his conduct for six months of stops and an equal respect; get the assurance of a quick balance of its loans amounting to 14000 ducats.

................

Veneto

And 'with his men in Verona, his company will cause some trouble.

1451

Apr.

Veneto

The Venetians chose as captain general of Dear Lioness, the Colleoni not accept this decision and will not attend the ceremonies in Brescia in which they are delivered to this commander insignia of the command. Its companies are located in Verona with their behavior and generate many disorders.

Mag.

Veneto e Lombardia

Asks permission to Venice to give up his salary and the Senate, in anticipation of his desertion, he decides to kill him by Jacopo Piccinino, with the end of the Ambrosian Republic, rose to their military salaries. Piccinino weapon in Brescia and his teams, later this month, with the Lioness and Brandolini attacks the field of Colleoni in Isola della Scala, and puts him to sack the horses are robbed, the soldiers managed to escape in Legnago. Soldiers, are part massacred, part have settled, or as part summarized lances broken or placed in the company of other leaders. The loss suffered by Colleoni and his men is estimated between 80000 and 100000 guilders. It 'also sent a letter against it slanderous to all states, the pope and the cardinals. The Colleoni, the news of the attack, fled from Montichiari; street the horse died from exhaustion and can continue its travel only by a mule lent to him by a farmer. For Nogara and the bridge of Tartarus arrives in Mantua, where it is hosted by Ludovico Gonzaga. It leads to Milan and goes to salaries of Sforza became duke granted him a supply of 2000 horses and 500 foot soldiers and the promise made ​​to him that his wife and daughters would be redeemed. The Venice to Venice his relatives.

1452

Giu.

Lombardia

And 'in Quinzano d'Oglio. It connects with Quartero Bartolomeo and Giacomo da Salerno and 6 teams of horses faces Piccinino and Brandolini (40 teams of horses), which make it easily escape Genivolta catturandogli 160 horsepower. 7 His Saccomanni are killed by the farmers of San Zeno and an eighth is a gouged eye and cut his hand, and the Colleoni sits at the head of 4000 horse, raging in Brescia and prevents the harvesting of crops, pushing up under the walls of capital, on the outskirts of Saint Nazaire and Saint Alexander; ago 400 men prisoners of San Zeno and 2000 head of cattle raiding. For revenge, they raided the Venetians in the county of Covo and will destroy his property. Ghedi rejected by the Lioness and Piccinino, Orzinuovi axle.

Lug.

Lombardia

Defeats in the Genivolta Brandolini and inflicts heavy losses to the Venetians who have attacked the camp Sforza. 4 killed in combat are captains and are captured Laviceno Conrad and Robert of Athens.

Ott.

Lombardia

Attacks at night slots opponents and is easily repulsed by Piccinino. He clashes with Charles Leno at Gonzaga and is lightly wounded by an arrow. Stopped the advance of Piccinino and causes him to retreat to Bagnolo Mella.

Nov.

Lombardia

Vince still Piccinino and Gentile da Lioness to Slot: after a difficult beginning for the Sforza, comes out with his men from the nearby forests and chases the enemy, whose retreat is protected by the infantry of Matthew and John Pazzaglia Sant'Angelo. In the same month, clashes with the Brandolini and Gottolengo between Iseo and joins Sforza Montichiari, when the Venetian troops are challenged to a pitched battle by Sforza. With 100 infantry and 3 companies of horse rejects a further attempt to have Calvisano Piccinino.

Dic.

Lombardia

With Alessandro Sforza and Roberto da San Severino, gets hold of the abbey and the fortified bridge over the place at Abbey Cerreto: many of the defenders were killed, many drowning in the river, the others are taken prisoner

1453

Mag.

Lombardia

It is the defense of Quinzano d'Oglio, conquered by the Venetians later this month.

Ago.

Lombardia Liguria e Piemonte

Join the battle of Ghedi where he attempts to overcome the access to the enemy camp: the horse is killed. He is responsible to call in possession of Bixio Andrea Doria; moves in Piedmont and threatens the Duke of Savoy to get up to the militias of Renati d'Angiò, taken by Sforza. With 500 horsepower Dresay, recovers and opposes Pozzolo Formigaro nell'alessandrino Guglielmo di Montferrat. The Angiò grants the use of his name, insignia and the emblem of his house. With other leaders refused to obey the governor of Alexandria by Andrea Birago that would make a ride to the detriment of the Monferrato. Sforza dismisses the work of Birago. Also during the period, Hi is given the fief of Castell'Arquato

Sett.

Piemonte Lombardia

Gets the Monferrato the fortress of San Martino Alfieri. Part of Lombardy. It joins the French and participates in Verola to a council of war in which he proposes to focus on the Oglio to have free passage to the Cremona. The command is given in the third column of the army Sforzesco. Taketh Pontevico after an intense artillery fire touches Pontoglio, occupies Martinengo and Romano di Lombardia. Presents itself to the second castle with a few men: the people are slow to give up and he does get there overnight Antonio Colleoni and Domenico da Forlì, the castle Bettino from Covo surrenders in two days. Conquest then Trescore Balneario, Val Calepio and all the plain between Bergamo and the Oglio. As a result of these operations, the Sforza confirm the hegemony of Martinengo and Romano di Lombardia, the insignorisce of Castell'Arquato and adds Cologno al Serio and Urgnano. The Colleoni stops at Urgnano.

Ott.

Lombardia

It forces you to surrender Soncino, Rovato, Orzinuovi and Romanengo. And 'Acquanegra to the Churches, axle, vain, buttonhole and plundering the countryside.

Nov.

Lombardia

It winters in Bergamo with his men and came into contact with members of the Guelph faction. Part of Urgnano and penetrates in Iseo, dating the shores of Lake Iseo despite the rigors of winter. The Venetians liberate his wife and daughters in exchange for the release of John Conti and other captains.

Dic.

Lombardia

Moves in Franciacorta and extending in a valley and stop at Darfo Camonica. We leave the infantry and away on the banks of a creek to put snowy ambush Peter Brunoro. The attempt is unsuccessful, has, however, the fortress to terms of Brentwood. Drops of Lovere, is in Gandino, takes and sacks Comenduno, Desenzano and Albino, Bergamo march on. The move against Lodovico Malvezzi, Giorgio Benzoni, Benzoni Antonio, Roberto da Rimini and several villagers

1454

Gen.

Lombardia

It defeats the Venetians at Alzano Lombardo found the road blocked by the heavy cavalry, the Colleoni orders his men to climb some mountains nearby, to take the big stones, wrap them in the snow and make them go down as soon as they feel that the battle has begun. These are reversed from 'high on opponents who are, however, in a small place, at the same time they are harassed by Gaspare da Martinengo wading Serio with 2 teams of men in arms and many archers, who are placed on 'other side of the river and strike opponents. With the victory, the Colleoni continues its march to Nembro and Alzano Lombardo, who gives a prey to the soldiers.

Feb. apr.

Lombardia

Sforza promised a feud Chiari and appoint Lieutenant Duke to Bergamo. Attacking the capital until April. And 'approached by Andrea Morosini and his friend Andrea Zulian; not resist the temptation and finally returned to the service of Venice under the title of captain general. He has given a supply of horses for two years of 3000 and a firm respect, a salary of 100,000 ducats a year. The promises are well in feud Trezzo Mozzanica and Fontanella, formerly belonging to Louis from San Severino. In Milan he was considered a great betrayer. Receives the baton in Brescia. At the same time, is accused by authorities of the Serenissima the superintendent of Bergamo, who designed his assassination perpetrated in Isola della Scala in the spring of the first three years.

Mag. giu.

Veneto

He went to Venice in Marghera is greeted by a flotilla of boats, including three bucintori, is escorted on the Canal Grande to the monastery of San Giorgio and San Marco, where the data are formally signs of his office.

Ago.

Lombardia

The Lordship recognizes the possession of Martinengo, and Urgnano Cologno al Serio, Calcinate Ghisalba, Mornico al Serio behind the wealth of two candles, fifteen pounds each, to be delivered in Venice on St. Mark's day. The data are the property formerly owned by Minolo de Federici, by Micheletto Attendolo, by his wife Isabella of him and other rebels of Bergamo and Brescia for an annual pension of 1000 florins.

Nov.

Accept the reduction of his commission from 100000 to 60000 ducats a year.

1455

................

Lombardia

It offers no avail to the Florentines in Tuscany to counter the advance of the company by Jacopo Piccinino.

Mar.

Lombardia

The Venetian is confirmed by the appointment of Captain General.

Mag.

Lombardia

Two noble Venetians, Giovanni Moro and Paolo Barbo, delivered back in the big square of Brescia, the insignia of the command. In those days the people of Siena require its actions to combat Piccinino: the Venetians nicchiano its license application and the Sienese provide otherwise.

1456

Apr.

Lombardia

Buy Malpaga auction the castle for 100 ducats

1457

Mag.

Veneto

In Venice. It is inscribed with his family to the Great Council. Occasion organizes a tournament where all the captains are invited. The focal point of events is represented by a battle of two teams of 70 tanks each, who are fighting to take over a country house built of wood in the vicinity of the Palazzo Ducale. The fall in Malpaga Colleoni.
1458
Giu. Veneto The Doge Pasquale Malipiero reconfirmed in the captaincy general. The ceremony took place in Venice.

1460

Mag.

Lombardia

The jurisdiction is granted and the revenue from Calcinate Mornico al Serio and Ghisalba. It leads to Forli, where he is godfather to Antonio Maria Ordelaffi.

Dic.

Papa Pio II urging him to leave the salaries of the Venetians to take command of the papal troops and bring the war to Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta.

1461

Gen.

Lombardia

Comes to visit Stefano Trevisan and is convinced not to leave the service of Venice.

Giu.

Buy several horses for his company at the fair in Antwerp.
1462

Mar.

Lombardia

Shows signs of discontent. It is still called for his intervention in the kingdom of Naples by Papa Pio II, receives a new ban by the Venetians and the firm has renovated for another six months.
Nov. Lombardia
There is talk of a possible use as a captain in the general war between the Venetians against the Turks in the Morea. A similar project will recur in December next year.
 
1464
Giu. Lombardia It 'ill at Malpaga.
Nov. Lombardia
Renew signs of agitation. He wants to be freed by the Venetians from his conduct. At the same time proposes to Ludovico Gonzaga to pass the pay of Venice
1465
Mar. mag. Lombardia
Is exempted by the Venetians from the annual presentation of the two candles as a census, which involves the uprising from all servitude and vassalage. Also in the same day, sends Gonzaga to its own effluent, Domenico Correr, to propose to the Marquis of Mantova conduct with the Venetians.
 

1466

Mar.

Lombardia

On the death of Sforza, caressing the idea of becoming Duke of Milan, especially when the widow Bianca Maria Visconti offers, besides a large salary, the castle of Trezzo. Gather and connestabili soldiers and camp Orzinuovi to wait on events: the Venetians dissuade him from any action.

................

Lombardia

Begin, then, trescare with the Florentine exiles, hosted in Malpaga, who hope he will help to drive from Florence, Piero de 'Medici. Holds practices with Gilberto da Correggio and has contacts with John of Anjou.

Ott.

Lombardia

It 'a cream with 200 horses and I spoke with the mayor Francesco Contarini. He went to Brescia.

Nov.

Lombardia

He still meets with some gentlemen Venetians at Brescia; passes continuously reviewing his men, and receives the Florentine exiles in Malpaga.

Dic.

Lombardia

At Christmas, is situated in Brescia for the order and the preparation of various materials of war.

1467

................

Lombardia

The Senate accepts the proposals of the Florentine exiles, and gave him carte blanche for an upcoming expedition. In part with their money, partly with that of the exiled and the Venetians, the ancient followers gather.

Mar. apr.

Veneto

It is found at Legnago with Alessandro Sforza and the Florentine army is set up in April.

Mag.

Lombardia Veneto Emilia e Romagna

From Brescia. Skip Valeggio, Villafranca di Verona and Castagnaro, enters and touches Trecenta Ferrara, Ficarolo, Bondeno and Argenta. In the center is having lunch with the Duke Borso d'Este. Nell'imolese bursts and infest the area with the help of Manfred in command of 5000 horse and 6000 infantry. It occupies the castles of Bubano and Bagnara di Romagna against Taddeo Manfredi; free Mordano postovi siege from militias Sforza. He camps in Imola: rejected by the defenders, is strengthened in Faenza, Cotignola and Castel Bolognese. He heads for Solapur, Faenza, Castrocaro by the approach of the troops and those of Duke Federico da Montefeltro. It follows a series of marches and skirmishes, Guelph moves away from Castel di Bologna and advances up to Dovadola to move to Toscana. In the same month Renato d'Angiò grants the privilege of joining his surname also that of Angiò.

Giu.

Romagna

It is located between Castel Bolognese and Faenza, Cesena and Faenza touches.

Lug.

Emilia

Heels opponents. reach Cantalupo Selice and despoiled the countryside of Medicine; bring to Mezzolara. The showdown occurs between Mezzolara Embankment in San. Martino and on the left bank of the river Idice in the wake of the Montefeltro. They fight on the side of the Colleoni horse and 6000 infantry and 7000, by the opponents, as many horse and 3500 infantry. Also in this battle effectively using mortars, the fight lasts for eight hours at first is in a bad surrounded by enemies. Speaker's cavalry Ercole d'Este, which prevents the defeat of his men. At nightfall, Colleoni meet and Montefeltro and the battle ends: the outcome of the battle is very uncertain, although the chroniclers of the Florentine seems favorable to his opponents. The dead are many, and estimates vary from 600 to 1400 horsepower and 500 foot, between the Venetians are more or less severely wounded Ercole d'Este, Marco Pio, Deiphobus dell'Anguillara, Costanzo Sforza, Silvestro Lucino and Giovan Francesco della Mirandola .

Ago.

Emilia

Becomes ill and is transported to the field in Argenta, the command is taken by Alessandro Sforza, who moved to Morden.

Sett.

Romagna

Healed, ranks among Russi and Villafranca, Manfred sends to fight opponents in Val di Lamone.

Ott.

Romagna

At the beginning of the month is located in Villafranca: grants Emperor Frederick of Austria, to Roma, a safe-conduct for the crossing of the Romagna. At the same time, its soldiers are beginning to riot, and only the intervention of the administrator general Girolamo Barbarigo is to calm people: the army at his disposal decreases to 3000 horsepower and 3500 foot soldiers. The Colleoni pretends to fall back and collect supplies to Santa Maria in Porto outside Ravenna.

Nov.

Romagna

Bombards the fortress of Modigliana, who surrenders to him, in the days following Dovadola get well, perhaps due to a treaty with Florence High Constable.

Dic.

Romagna

Axle Castrocaro, that bombs for a few days after having been built around the walled towns. Strengthened to ensure fortification of Forlì and stays there with Pino Ordelaffi, Gaspare da Martinengo Martinengo Gerard, Costanzo Sforza, Mark and to Sermoneta Cola with 800/900 men in arms rather in disorder from the perspective of 'weapons.

1468

Gen.

Romagna

He goes off sick from Forlì.

Feb.

The pope persuaded him to surrender, he promised a salary of 100,000 ducats, which is recognized by all the Italian states to take the war to the Turks in Albania (Church, the kingdom of Naples. Venice, the Duchy of Milan: 19000 forints head; Florence: 15000, Siena: 4000, Ferrara 3000; Mantua 1000; Lucca: 1000).

Apr.

It 's been ratified by the warring parties to peace. The Colleoni Dovadola returns to Florence, Bubano, Morden and Bagnara di Romagna to Taddeo Manfredi.

................

Paul II can not do accept his award, with the exception of the Venetians, for the part about his appointment as captain general. The situation, however, is not harmful to his reputation: the King of France Louis XI, through its ambassador Louis Valperga, suggests, in fact, moving to his service to fight the rebels with a noble horses and the conduct of 1000 payment of 125000 crowns. He has promised the title of lieutenant and governor-general and several lordships in France. The Colleoni not accept, because the sovereign conduct a foreign policy contrary to that of the Venetians and supports the Duke of Milan in Italy.

Autunno

Lombardia

And 'in Malpaga and his men stay in Padova Send Feracino, Guido and Noodler from Faenza, Riccio Visso to buy horses from all over Europe.

1469

Ago.

Lombardia

Colleoni grows in his hatred for the Duke of Milan, Maria Sforza, so much that he sent his emissaries to burn Malpaga to the stables: the plot is discovered and has increased surveillance of the Venetians for his safety.

1470

Mag.

Is inscribed the Venetian nobility. Also in the year, is to restore the baths of Trescore.

1471

Ott.

Lombardia

Challenge to a duel, the young Duke of Milan.
1472
Gen. Lombardia
Offers to Taddeo Manfredi 100000 ducats in exchange for the sale of Imola in favor of the Venetians.

Mag.

Lombardia

Galeazzo Maria Sforza weaves a tight plot to poison the Colleoni. The assassin Ambrose Vismara, intervene in his favor despite the Marquis Ludovico Gonzaga of Mantova, is quartered in May and his limbs are exposed in various places, in Malpaga, Romano di Lombardia, in the streets of nearby villages. The latter's son, Francesco, was hanged in Martinengo.

1473

Gen.

Lombardia

The Duke of Burgundy Charles the Bold, who has already granted to Colleoni to combine the name of his family to Burgundy, the proposal moves through Troilus by Rossano and William of Robertet, becoming captain and lieutenant general of the duchy for three years : offered him a salary of 150000 ducats a year and a supply of 1000 men at arms and 1500 infantry. The Colleoni signing the contract with the hope of being able to invade the duchy of Milan at the end, is not bound by the Venetians to meet commitments. The Senate's Corner George sends him to meet Malpaga, the duke of Burgundy considers appropriate to abandon its bid after an interview with the Venetian ambassador Bernardo Bembo.

................

Gets a feud Cavenago.

Nov.

Lombardia

He complains to the Venetian for the conclusion of a league where there is also the Duke of Milan.

1474

Gen.

Romagna e Marche

He stops at Rimini , where he is greeted by Roberto Malatesta, passes to Ancona with 100 horses and is headed for a pilgrimage to Loreto . Receives donations from Recanati .

Feb.

Lombardia

The Lordship 's obligation not to harass in any way even if the state of Milan , in the previous month, the Duke has tried once again to have him killed by hired assassins he made to execute .

Sett.

Lombardia

Becomes seriously ill.

1475

Gen.

Lombardia

It is found at Cavriana with the Marquis of Mantova.

................

Lombardia

Improve its relations with the Duke of Milan , the Sforza, who gives him a mule during his trip .

................

Lombardia

Returns to Venetian insignia of captain general, through his chancellor, and by sending eight leaders : the Serenissima rejects his resignation.

Nov.

Lombardia

He died in Malpaga . His funeral will be held in Bergamo in solemn form . And ' buried in that city in the Colleoni Chapel , located in the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore . In January 1476 the Venetians bother to do an inventory of its assets ( 216,000 ducats in cash and other assets such as jewelry, furniture, armor , horses worth a total of half a million ducats ), and to give effect to his will only in those parts accepted by the College of Pregadi . On the other hand he gives the entire outstanding salaries and let the Serenissima 100000 ducats for the war against the Turks, the debts which he owed ​​the Marquis of Mantova and the Duke of Ferrara ( 10000 other ducats ) . To heighten the appreciation the Venetians an equestrian statue, the work of Verrocchio, in the square where stands the Scuola Grande di San Marco in the field of Saints Peter and Paul . Very religious, does bring to the church from Senigallia Romano di Lombardia bones of St. Mary Magdalene in the Lair of the relics of St. Lazarus . He rebuilt the church and monastery of the Dominicans Basella , near where he is buried Malpaga initially , in 1470 , ten year old daughter Medea . This tomb, in 1842 , will be transported to the Colleoni Chapel Bergamo.Fonda two monasteries in Martinengo ( outside San Francisco ) and restored the church of San Pietro Romano di Lombardia . He rebuilt the castle and to Malpaga Solza ; shall restore the baths of Trescore , for his wounded soldiers, called out for Fara Olivana the irrigation canal of the Misericordia; makes building one from Serio ( named in honor of Burgundy Duke Charles the Bold ) and the channels and Curna Coleona near Bergamo.

 

BARTOLOMEO COLLEONI

The territories belonging to the family Colleoni, were extended from the river Brembo

and the  Adda River whose strategic

position it increased the importance and

political function.
From this territory the father of Bartholomew,
with relatives, occupied in an eventful Castle Trezzo October 23, 1404 and taking

possession and making a base for raids

into neighboring territories.
This area constituted, in fact, a small state
independent for several years and faced

with the luck Lords of Milan and the

new dominion of Pandolfo Malatesta.
The castle of Trezzo, located on the banks

of the Adda and Milan near its confluence

 with the Brembo, had been built by Bernabo Visconti and had great strategic importance because it controlled one of the access

 roads to the Duchy  of Milan.
It was the same mighty and majestic

 castle where Bernabo Visconti was

imprisoned by his nephew

Gian Galeazzo Visconti,
that with the help of Jacopo dal Verme

 took him prisoner in a real conspiracy and ambushed, and where he died

December 18, 1385
perhaps killed by order of his nephew the same

 

 

CASTELLO di TREZZO

Conquered and held by the family as a fief Colleoni

 

 

LOGO DEI COLLEONI

 

CASATO dei COLLEONI

 

 

 

 

MALAPAGA

 

 

 

 

Castello di MALAPAGA
The castle was built Malpaga the

mid- fourteenth century through the work

of a Ghibelline, certainly before the

 discovery of gunpowder .

On April 29, 1456

Bartolomeo Colleoni bought the

manor for 100 gold ducats and strove to

make it defensible with various interventions, including the digging of a ditch and further

 raising of the walls .

For its beauty castle Malpaga was frequently

 used as a residence, and saw the glory years when it hosted the King Christian I of Denmark , the interior began to fill with frescoes by

 Romanino .

This magnificent castle, with the typical

loggia of Medea and the frame of Ghibelline battlements, it is beautiful not only externally

but also internally: stone fireplaces, coffered ceilings, elegant and prestigious salons

 frescoes make it unique and adapted

to special events.
 

 

BERGAMO   Alta

 

 

BORGO ROMANO LOMBARDO

Castello Visconteo

Borgo Romano Lombardo

 

Castello Visconteo  

      

The entire village was rebuilt in 1171 by Romano,
after Frederick Barbarossa had it completely destroyed.
At this time (twelfth century) was the original building of the fortress.
The Castle was strengthened when it became property of the Visconti (XIV) in sec. XV came under the domination of the Venetian Republic was entrusted to Bartolomeo Colleoni. Here, in 1446, Colleoni's wife, Lady Sad,
was penned by Filippo Maria Visconti, the tower

 of the castle

 

Carlo I di Valois-Borgogna

Also known as Charles the Bold,

 in French Charles de Valois-Bourgogne, dit Charles le Temeraire

(Dijon, November 10, 1433 - Nancy, January 5, 1477), was Count of Charolais (since 1433) and later Duke of Burgundy, Count of Burgundy (Franche Comté), Artesia and Flanders, the Duke of Limburg, Brabant and Lorraine, Count of Annonia, Holland and Zeeland, Duke of Luxembourg and the Marquis of Namur (since 1467), and finally Duke of Guelders and Count of Zutfania from 1473 to his death.

 

BRACCIO DA MONTONE

 

Andrea Fortebraccio,

known as Braccio da Montone
(Perugia, July 1, 1368 - L'Aquila, June 5, 1424)
was an Italian commander.
He was governor of Bologna, the rector of Rome, Lord of Perugia, Prince of Capua,

Count of Foggia, Grand Constable of the
Kingdom of Naples. With its business
was the closest to creating a state in

central Italy in the fifteenth century.
Braccio was born in Perugia by

Oddo Fortibraccia and noble
Giacoma Montemelini.
Since his youth he devoted himself to a military career began as a page in the company
Guido d'Asciano. The defeat of the popular

faction of nobles led to the exile from Perugia

city for the family of Forti braccia and the
loss of ownership of a castle in Montone ,

in the upper Tiber Valley ( Northern Umbria ) . Then gave the venture Braccio, entered the
Society of St. George (which was part of the future even rival
Attendolo Muzio Sforza),
the school of Alberico da Barbiano.
In 1390 he returned to Montone, and here,
helped by two brothers, killed three members

 of the opposing faction of Raspanti: this resolute action earned a price on his head
(from Citta di Castello, for the murder
of a villager who found there Tifernate of way),
and the name of Braccio in place of the name Andrea.
Fortebraccio then decided to leave again the places of origin to form a company of

15 horsemen and get hired by
the Malatesta of Montefeltro. In 1391 he was wounded during the assault on the fortress of Fossombrone, that the battle was a
step slightly limping. Defeated at Fratta Todina, refused to enter the service of Biordo Michelotti. In April of 1395 he returned to fight for Alberico di Barbiano, in the Kingdom of Naples,
here he met again with Sforza. In 1397 went to salaries in Florence, under his command were 30 men in arms.
In 1398 beside the church in the war against Perugia,
besieging Montone first and then the death of Michelotti (Lord of Perugia), attacking

 the city that had exiled.
He ended up devastating the territory of Assisi

 in a futile attempt to break the current capital of Umbria.
In 1400 Perugia gave Visconti returned to

 his arm and battles the length and breadth of the peninsula. In 1402, the death of
Gian Galeazzo Visconti, the orders of mustard

from Forli, fighting for the papal against the Visconti. In 1403 Pope Boniface IX contracted

with the new Duchy of Milan and fell under the control of the Papal Bologna,
Perugia and Assisi: the faction of the nobles of Perugia Raspanti obtained, however, that the exiles could not get close to
less than 20 miles from the city. The river

(Fiume Reno), site of a
famous battle of Braccio. Nel 1404 Braccio

so he returned to service Barbiano, fighting

back side of Lorenzo Attendolo against Faenza
and against the state of the Church: this second battle will be remembered as one of the examples of the expertise
in 'Art of War boom. Near the "Fiume Reno" in Emilia-Romagna, the troops of the Count of Cunio remained in the minority against the enemy, and Montone,

who composed the rear guard, the built three bridges for military use, to cross the river and

dig over the banks, managing way to resist the assaults of the papal troops. For this venture Braccio you could boast of a knighthood and the right to include in its coat of arms insignia
of the Earl of Cunio. The early successes of the young leader came to attract the envy of the company, someone slandered warning Alberico Braccio wanted to kill him to take his place,

and so Montone, warned of this by the wife of the
Earl of Cunio, had to leave the camp, not to

 be in turn killed. Later Barbiano repented of this and asks about his Braccio, unsuccessfully, to return to his company.
In 1406 he fought against Perugia with the

exiles, and in 1407 formed a venture company composed primarily of exiles from Perugia, damaging and blackmailing various

small towns in the Romagna countryside and upper "Valle del Tevere" to finance themselves with these raids, with its base at Sansepolcro.
In May the people of Rocca Contrada offered

him the lordship of the city, in exchange for his help against the Marquis Ludovico Migliorati of Fermo, who was besieging the city.
The Ram accepted and occupied

Monte Conero and ravaged the territory

of Fano, where he seized some castles.
Following the boom is pacified with the Improved and he entered the service of "Ladislao di Angiò" in Naples just at Fermo.
His pay was now more than 1200 knights

and 1000 soldiers, which dispensed a total payment of 14,000 florins.
Devastated the lands of the Trinci of Foligno because they refused to victual his troops.

In 1408 Perugia surrendered to
King Ladislao di Napoli, but he obtained from them a declaration of war to all the exiles from

the city. Braccio folded in the Marche, Ancona, declaring itself an enemy of Ladislao
and took possession of Jesi.
Rome, Castel 1409 Sant'Angelo
Nel fought first in Citta di Castello,
winter. o d' Angiò
and various mercenary companies, among them also that of

Fortebraccio, who, at Sora, then sacked. intent. Braccio was able to complete his military skill,

 set the speed of maneuver and speed of movements, and
Cesena and Castel San Pietro. o d'Angiò

died in August, with the victory of "Bracceschi". The city of Perugia so she could not help but

 open the doors, and appoint him Lord, and

 then to conquer the cities of
Todi, Narni, Terni and Orvieto as they called him their lord, to seal the domination of the territory of the Braccio Umbria today.
promptly defeated in a memorable battle at Spoleto. Braccio then moves against the territories of Montefeltro who departed from the territory of Gubbio, in Umbria high. Conquering Urbino,
his goal was to expand his domains to

Montefeltro, in order to govern to the Adriatic. Cantiano who, Guidantonio da Montefeltro

 against that of Montone. Braccio under
its walls, he saw so broken expansionist designs towards the brand and the Adriatic. of Cantiano "maledicto tool of war." the Pope Braccio conquered and then retired to Perugia,
Fortebraccio then went to the aid of the Queen of Naples, excommunicated by the Pope, however, is itself being excommunicated. Alfonso V di Aragona against the Angioini
and overlord of Capua and Foggia. d'Angiò);
Braccio da Montone was seriously injured. He refused treatment and died a few days later. Niccolò della Stella Fortebraccio Perugia

 

Erasmo da Narni, detto Gattamelata

was an italian commander

it was the first capitain in the service of florence, and the pope and then the Republic of Venice, from whitch he obtained the post of

capitain general Military strategist, defended the Serenissima attacks by Visconti and conquered Verona.

Also remembered for his deformity (thee balls)

 that he attempted in all modes do not know.According to one biographer, John Eroli.

Erasmus was attributed to the nikname for Gattamelata the "sweetness of her manners

joined to great mischief, which giovossi much in war hawking runs in the lurking cautious for his enemies and ill talk prudent and mild sweet and gentile" Others believe that the nickname is derived from the surname of the mother,Melania Gattelli. In new research published in the proceedings of the conference;

The church of Santa Maria Maggiore and the Dominicans in Narni" Gattamelata the name

may derive from the crest in the shape of a

cat with honey color, Narni that the Capitain had chosen to wear during thebattles.

Special charactteristic of his coat of arms during his long career of fortune take four different shapes, although more set on two grounds, three nooses (whitc could be three braids

horse hair or leather thongs) and a cat Citing

a source as always The church of Santa Maria Maggiore and the Dominicans in Narni

his coat of arms could be ropes instead of three, implying that perhaps the father Gattamelata

of the work.

Famous not only for his military exploits for the equestrian statue in bronze made by Donatello was commissioned by the widow

Giacoma Bocarini Brunori, originally from

Lioness, and currently

the Basilica in Padova the Holy.

Noted the phrase Narnia genuit me/

I Gattamelata, whihc you can read engraved on

a plaque which is located at the home of

Gattamelata Narni

 

 

 

NICCOLO' PICCININO

Niccolò Piccinino

(Perugia, 1386 - Cusago, October 15, 1444)
was an Italian commander.Born in Callisciana, near Perugia,
was the son of a butcher, was launched to the job of lanaiolo,
but chose to go to Romagna as a boy soldier,
who taught him the art of war.
In 1416 he began his military

career in the service of
Braccio da Montone.
On the death of its leader,
occurred during the siege of the Aquila (1424), immediately followed by the last son of the latter, Oddo Fortebracci.
Piccinino became the guide for the conduct

of the Braccio.
After a brief period in the service of the

Republic of Florence, served Filippo Maria Visconti, Duke of Milano (1425),
for which, together with Niccolò Fortebraccio

fought against the League formed by Papa Eugenio IV, Venezia and Firenze.
In 1427 he took part in the battle Maclodio in

favor of the Duchy of Milano.
Defeated the papal forces in Castel Bolognese (1434),
however, followed by a second army commanded by
Francesco Sforza who defeated and killed in Fortebraccio to Fiordimonte, Piccinino remained alone in command and a series of campaigns against Sforza won a number of cities in

Romagna.
Nel 1438,
during the war between the Republic

 of Venice and the Duchy of Milan,
Piccinino fought for the Duke of Milano, Filippo Maria Visconti,
and tried to take the city of Brescia, but

Skirmish from Forlì, the service of Venezia successfully intervened to prevent the siege.
In 1439 Piccinino still in Lombardia fought and

won several successes against Sforza, who had entered the service of Venice.
Despite a series of victories Piccinino
was defeated at the Tenno Venetians helped

by Sforza. The Duke then sent him
Toscana, in the hope that the Florentines

 withdrew forces sent in aid of the Venetians.
Devastated the Mugello, near Fiesole

intercepted letters of the Florence said that the captain Orsini Piergianpaolo not to seek battle.
Piccinino led the Duke of Milano to send in Umbria
where he hoped, like other leaders,
to conquer its own domain.
On June 29, 1440 Nicholas went to Sansepolcro where,
left luggage and 2,000 enlisted men of Sansepolcro who hated rival city,
moves against Anghiari. In the plain between

 the two cities the army
Duke led by Piccinino was overwhelmed by the Florentines led by Micheletto Attendolo and Giampaolo Orsini and the battle will then be immortalized
the genius of Leonardo da Vinci

in the studies for the fresco of the Battle of Anghiari.
At Piccinino had no choice but to return to Lombardy.
In November of 1442 with the help of Perugia and the Cardinal
Nicola Cusano besieged the city of Assisi.
After several days of fruitless
attempts troops of Piccinino, with the help of a traitor brother, managed to penetrate the circle of
and the city walls, defense
at that time by Alessandro Sforza, was severely looted and vandalized.
Piccinino still opposed to the complete

destruction rejecting the city's 15,000 florins offered by Perugia in this regard.
In 1443 laid siege to Monteleone d'Orvieto and after a month, having starved, she tried to kick
Ugolino of Montemarte from Corbara
Ugolino was forced to leave Monteleone,
Montegabbione and Carnaiola.
Later he was recalled by the Duke of Milano,

and during his absence and his troops

were defeated at Montolmo.
Shortly after Piccinino fell ill and died of dropsy.
 

 

MAPPA della BATTAGLIA

Map of the time, where he highlighted the

place of battle between the Colleoni and the Montefeltro near Mezzolara

 

 

VENICE
Colleoni Monument Bartololomeo
(Andrea Verrocchio and Alessandro Leopardi)

 

CONTE DI CARMAGNOLA

 

Francesco Bussone
 (Carmagnola about 1385 - Venice, May 5, 1432)
 was an Italian commander. Francesco Bussone said Carmagnola
 (also Count of Carmagnola,

 in reality Count of Castelnuovo Scrivia Chiari

and later), was born of poor people perhaps Carmarthen between 1380 and 1385.
 He was a leader in the pay of Facino dog, at whose death
 followed the fate of the widow

Beatrice di Tenda, remarried  Filippo Maria Visconti, Visconti, and had joined the major

part in  recapture of escaped many cities to the dukedom on the death  of Galeazzo.
 The Earl of Briandate it immediately revealed

the intelligence and courage, as with jealousy. Bussone won the pacified the Arezzo Lucca,

 held in check the Sienese and reduced to obedience the Duke of Urbino. He was credited with hisgiven dignity to the military soldiers of fortune.
 When Milan was in revolt for the murder of Giovanni Maria Visconti
 Carmagnola and

realized it was a good counselor,
  Filippo Maria,
uncertain and fearful, freeing

them from parents who aspired to the dominion and e Store Visconti won at Monza in 1413.
 Following this victory  had the building in Via Broletto, still in good condition.
 In 1415 he fought with Cabrino Fondulo,

Pandolfo Malatesta,  John Vignati and the

 Marquis of Pescara.
  The following year he began to Lothair Rusca Castle Lecco.
 A Trezzo, after fierce resistance made ​​prisoner
 Bartolomeo Colleoni, with the conquest of cream and freed all the  ancient domains of Lombardy.

 


 

  Equestrian statue of Bartolomeo Colleoni

is a bronze statue

(height 395 cm without the stand)
Andrea del Verrocchio,
made between 1480 and 1483
Venice is located in Campo San Zanipolo.
This is the second equestrian statue of the Renaissance,
after the monument to Gattamelata by

Donatello in Padua,
of 1446-1453.

 

GIOVAN FRANCESCO PICO

 

 

.
He was born in Mirandola in 1469 by

The Jailbird Pico, brother of John,

the philosopher, and Bianca Maria d'Este,

the illegitimate daughter of Nicolò III d'Este.
Little is known of his early life, but we can assume that he has received at least part of his education at the court of Ferrara.
In March 1491 he married Giovanna of Naples Carafa.In subsequent years, Giovan Francesco
managed to enter in correspondence
with different characters relevant intellectual
and politics. However, it was Uncle John,
only six years older, to gain more influence

Giovan Francesco.
These in 1496 published the Collected Works

of John, who died in 1494, as an introduction,

 marked with a Biography of the uncle and also writing the "Defensio de ente et one," taking a philosophical argument against Antonio citizens

of Faenza that John had left unfinished.
An 'other figure who played a big role
important in the formation and in the interests

of Giovan Francesco was certainly Girolamo Savonarola, to whom he dedicated his
"De morte Christi et tres own cogitanda books."
In 1497 Pico wrote two works addressed to the ecclesiastical authorities in defense
Girolamo Savonarola, who was excommunicated year. The Pico also wrote a letter aimed to raise public opinion in support of the friar, who,

however, 23 May 1498 he was sentenced and burned in Florence.
The close and intense relationship with Pico Savonarola is also evidenced by the "life" of the Dominican Ferrara that
Giovan Francesco

wrote and underwent several revisions during

 its entire existence.
In 1499, his father died Jailbird, Giovan Francesco became Lord of Mirandola, coming into possession imperial investiture.
But soon his younger brothers, Louis and Frederick, supported by their mother, they began to demand rights, claiming the inheritance and then convincing them of the need to Mirandola

 by force.
So, August 6, 1502 the two Pico, drawing on the powerful leader of the Milanese
Gian Giacomo Trivulzio father's wife
Ludovico Pico Mirandola conquered and

captured Giovan Francesco, forcing him into

 exile.
And 'these years his treatise
"De Immaginatione", published in Venice in 1501.Nel period of exile, during which he tried to repossess his hometown in particular making

use of the friendship of Alberto Pio and also
the support of Gonzaga, went twice in Germany claim to the Emperor Maximilian of their rights and at the same time to get in touch and learn
German scholars and humanists.
Meanwhile, between 1506 and 1509 disappeared the mother of Giovan Francesco and

Bianca Maria the brothers Frederick and Louis,

so lady Mirandola became the wife of the latter,
as regent in the name of the heir to the

principality, son Galeotto.
On June 6, 1510 Giovan Francesco obtained the protection of the Emperor and in the same year
sought the support of Pope Julius II,

was engaged to drive the French from Italy.
Pope so in the course of its armed campaign,
decided to lay siege to Mirandola, an ally then,
through the Trivulzio, of the French.
The city fell Jan. 20, 1511, and Julius II restored Giovan Francesco as rightful lord.

 

Federico da Montefeltro,

Federico da Montefeltro,
defined by modern historians as Federico III

da Montefeltro
(Gubbio, June 7, 1422 - Ferrara, September 10, 1482),
was an Italian commander, Captain
fortune and famous Renaissance man. Count

of Montefeltro, Urbino and Castel Durante,
had many other places of worship, coming to

rise to the level duke of Urbino from 1474 to his death. In 1437 he married his first wife Dear Brancaleoni (d. 1457),
daughter of the lord of Mercatello
Sant'Angelo in Vado, Brancaleoni Bartholomew, second marriage,
In 1460, Battista Sforza (1446 -
1472), daughter of Alessandro Sforza, Lord of Pesaro.

DUOMO di BERGAMO

Cathedral of Bergamo where the chapel
dedicated to Colleoni
 

CAPPELLA COLLEONI

CHAPEL DEDICATED TO BARTHOLOMEW COLLEONI
MAIL INSIDE THE CATHEDRAL HIGH BERGAMO
 

STATUA EQUESTRE BARTOLOMEO COLLEONI

M onument Absolute masterpiece of Florentine sculpture of the Renaissance,
the monument celebrates the leader of Bergamo

 ( m.1475 )
who left his legacy in Venice in exchange for a monument in Piazza San Marco.

The Senate , however, decided to place it in
Field Santi Giovanni e Paolo . ,
entrusting the operation to Andrea del Verrocchio (1481)
who devised a bold composition capable of making the horse's gait
and the rotation of the energetic leader.